Dual Mayan Calendar years worked like meshed gears to perform one year Calendar Round that has 18,days. Counterpart to the day-Tun-year was the day-Tzolken-sacred-year. Continuation of religious festivals has preserved beliefs surrounding the zodiacal Tzolken. Ophiuchus is the hidden constellation. The first house is rising when the seventh house is setting in the west, so six houses are visible at night.
National affairs such as war, drought and a plentiful harvest were the concerns of original astrology. Consider looking at the zodiac on the vernal equinox. Babylonian astronomer priests later divided the year into 12 star constellations. Dawn heliacal risings for each sign were separate by about days. Precision involved erecting fixed sacred pillars called Baals in the Old Testament for observation purposes. The northern band was the Path of Anu.
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Winter constellations correspond primarily with the Path of Anu. Our latitude limits the stars we see with respect to the Tropic of Capricorn. Extending the equator into space creates a mathematical plane that aligns with the celestial equator. To the south is the Path of Enlil band. Latitude position again limits the stars seen in the summer sky with respect to the Tropic of Cancer.
Carved figures often represent sprits for each of the 36 Decan stars. A new Decan star rose about every days. The Decans were mighty, great gods. Decan stars were companions and guides to help the deceased.
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Some stars bestowed blessings while others were hostile or adverse. The ecliptic or celestial equator subsequently determines the Tzolken part of the Mayan Calendar. Half of 36 Decan stars are the visible 18 Decan stars during 6-months of either winter or summer.
The day-Tun-year and day-Haab-years are later additions to the Mesoamerican Calendars. The ecliptic pathway eventually replaced the central Path of Ea as reference to divide the Semitic sky by a factor of three. Reducing the Sumerian-Babylonian numbering system from sexagesimal base 60 to the later Mesoamerican vigesimal base 20 , infers that Mesoamerica -day- Tun-years were using degree houses for their astrological signs. Each astrological Uinal continued to have three Decan stars in the tribal Tun schema of 18 Uinals. The Mesoamerican zodiac supplants the 12 - house Sumerian-Babylonian zodiac that had three Decan stars each.
Compared with Semitic cosmology, the Mayan moon goddess seems like the Venus Ishtar goddess of rebirth and fertility. Concordance with the Egyptian zodiac has shown the ecliptic was a focus for astral worship. Mars was the Roman god of war, and equates to the Greek god Ares. The Porch of the Seven Maidens honors the feminine deities that appeared on the cusp separating Aries and Taurus.
Located high atop the Acropolis hill outside of Athens, the Greek home of the gods served tribute to the stars. The Book of Enoch I alleges the four royal stars preside over all of creation. Aldebaran presided over the first quarter.
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A cloud cuts off the body of Taurus to allow space for other figures. The summer solstice near June 21 earmarks the end of the zodiacal constellation Gemini. Gemini twins and the two faces of Janus look opposite to symbolize facing the past and future. Six stars form the sickle of Leo. Regulus was a royal star that ruled over the second quarter of the ancient year.
Sept is the Latin prefix for the seventh month, in September of the former Roman year. From the Latin, Libra means balance and symmetry. Libra depicts scales for the goddess of justice, Virgo. Octo is the Latin prefix that describes October as the eighth month. Antares is the royal star that once marked the fourth quarter of the year. Saturday ends the week and Saturnalia once ended the year. It is a solar calendar, meaning that it is designed to maintain synchrony with the tropical year. It has a cycle of years , days. Each cycle repeats the months, dates, and weekdays.
Seidelmann, , pp.
By the time of the reform in , the date of the vernal equinox had shifted about 10 days, from about March 21 at the time of the First Council of Nicaea in , to about March According to North, the real motivation for reform was not primarily a matter of getting agricultural cycles back to where they had once been in the seasonal cycle; the primary concern of Christians was the correct observance of Easter. The rules used to compute the date of Easter used a conventional date for the vernal equinox March 21 , and it was considered important to keep March 21 close to the actual equinox.
North, , pp. According to Holford -Strevens who used Newcombs value for the tropical year if the tropical year remained at its value of Aggravating this error, the length of the tropical days measured in Terrestrial Time is decreasing at a rate of approximately 53 s per tropical years. Also, the mean solar day is getting longer at a rate of about 1. These effects will cause the calendar to be nearly a day behind in A possible reform would be to omit the leap day in , keep and as leap years, and thereafter make all centennial years common except , , , , etc.
The effects are not sufficiently predictable to form more precise proposals. Declaring Sunday, rather than Saturday, as the persistent Christian Sabbath Day served the Roman definition of changing the days at midnight. E, which spread the last 5-days prior to December Christs Mas observation on December 25 instead of December 26 maintained Jewish tradition of counting days at twilight on December Since the Gregorian Calendar rule concerning centennial leap days was not yet effective, 3-days would have to be added to slip the winter solstice for each years of the total years.
The intentions of the founding church fathers were to place Christmas Day on New Years Day and the Roman festival Februarius on February 15 every year. The other days fell into place. The process for finding an expression for the length of the tropical year is to first find an expression for the Suns mean longitude with respect to , such as Newcombs expression given above, or Laskars expression , p.
When viewed over a 1 year period, the mean longitude is very nearly a linear function of Terrestrial Time. To find the length of the tropical year, the mean longitude is differentiated, to give the angular speed of the Sun as a function of Terrestrial Time, and this angular speed is used to compute how long it would take for the Sun to move The month derives from the moons The problem is that 12 lunar months add up to days -- eleven days short of the solar year.
For example, the Gregorian Calendar which has attained near-universal status is completely solar based. Its days are divided into 12 segments of 30 or 31 days, but these "months" have lost all connection with their original association with the moon. There are also calendars such as the Moslem Calendar which are exclusively lunar-based, with months that are faithfully attuned to the phases of the moon.
Twelve such months are regarded as a year, but these "years" bear no relation to the solar cycle a given date in such a calendar will, in certain years, fall in the midst of summer and, in other years, in the dead of winter. By employing a complex year cycle in which months alternate between 29 and 30 days and years alternate between 12 and 13 months, the Jewish calendar sets its months by the moon, its years by the sun, combining lunar time and solar time into a single system while preserving the integrity of each.
In the Roman Catholic Church and in some Protestant traditions, these are the common weeks which do not belong to a proper season. In Latin, these seasons are called the weeks per annum, or "through the year". The first portion extends from the day following the Feast of the Baptism of Christ until the day before Ash Wednesday the beginning of Lent.
It contains anywhere from three to eight Sundays, depending on how early or late Easter falls. The main focus in the readings of the Mass is Christs earthly ministry, rather than any one particular event. The counting of the Sundays resumes following Eastertide, however, two Sundays are replaced by Pentecost and Trinity Sunday, and depending on whether the year has 52 or 53 weeks, one may be omitted. When the Long Count was put into motion, it was started at 7.
The available evidence indicates that the Mayas estimated that a day year processed through all the seasons twice in 7. The Mayas estimated that a day year processed through all the seasons twice in 7. These numbers are only accurate to digits. Suppose the 7. But by the 4th century B. They maintained three different calendars at the same time. In one of them, they divided a day year into eighteen day months followed by a five-day period that was part of no month.
The five-day period was considered to be unlucky. Prior to the Roman Julian Calendar, the Romans were using a month calendar with day-months. Eventually months stabilized more or less in their current configuration.yqaxocygacun.tk
Lunar months having days or days became the norm for nomadic people and expanding Greco-Roman culture into larger geographic areas. Fixed ceremonial centers encourage dividing day-Tun- years into 18 Uinals of days each. The Mayan lunar series or supplementary series evidences that moon glyphs tracked phases and cycles.
In operation together, the Haab and Tzolk'in create a larger, year cycle called the Calendar Round that was used not only by the Maya but also by every other culture in Mesoamerica.
We encourage you to send good thoughts and connect with the energy of 12 -Ahau. Read ….
Maya Calendar ASTRAL TRAVELER
Any date in the Gregorian calendar can be converted into a corresponding one in the Maya calendar system. Use this interactive tool to My intimate connection with the Star Elders combined with my intense watery astrology chart 8 planets in water - yikes , help me to be a human barometer for humanity.
User friendly and easy to From the moment of conception until birth there is a process of twenty cycles. However, the Maya calendar called for only an end to that particular calendar cycle and the start of a new one.